Marx viewed the development of modern nation states that linked to the development of capitalism. I have illustrated how Marx sees change through capitalism and conflict and Weber through rationalisation and bureaucracy. In each case of production exploitation leads to class conflict and the eventual replacement of each mode of production.
The state acts to ensure that political decisions are taken that allow capitalists to continue accumulation wealth. Because rationalisation brings with it bureaucratisation and because bureaucracy brings with it ossification, the process of rationalisation is not sufficient for a continuing process of social change.
These types of production are characterised by a set of class relations. Weber based these ideas on Christian Calvinists where the people had hard working lives, saving their money instead of spending it and ploughing it into their businesses.
With view to religion, Marx believed that it was a conservative force in society whereas Weber used the ideas of the Protestant Ethic and the spirit of capitalism to show that religion could bring about social change.
He believed that socialism would result in bureaucracy and was not the solution to capitalism.
In other words, it is the rise of capitalism that has created a situation where business owners make money but only pay workers a pittance. This led to the emergence of a feudal system that encouraged people to either own land or be exploited by the feudal lords.
Each theorist, in his own right, had a great deal to say about how society is ordered and each provides reasons for why the world is as it exists.
It is the drive one has to achieve. Thus, it is not what a person may buy with the money that drives capitalism but the making of the money itself which is key to its spirit.
The feudal system resulted in the offspring owning land on account of being born into a wealthy family. Weber and Marx have different opinions on class.
Man, who previously had no possessions, started laying claim to land depending on his need and his means to cultivate. In his book, A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy, he examined the concept of materialism and capitalism.
Weber cites an example by stating: In feudal society, Lords exploited serfs who were tied to the land; and in capitalist society, the bourgeoisie exploit the labour power of the proletariat who are forced to work for the bourgeoisie in order to survive.
He believed that the growth of bureaucracy was a result of the development of new forms of power in industrial society with some individuals exercising more power than others within society and getting others to comply with their wishes whether they agreed with them or not.
Capitalism alienated the worker from the produce since the worker was paid low wages and lacked the capacity to consume. Weber theories are based much on his ideal types, not best types but types that are of the purest kind.
These books bear testimony to his beliefs. It is rather specific in that it notes particular parts of history which ultimately culminates in a state of communism Marx sees communism as ending the alienation of the individual from community, he has a view that the proletariat will one day overthrow the bourgeoisie.
Weber authored his book, at a time when the Social Democratic Party influenced by Marxist views was trying to revolutionize Germany by doing away with divisions in class.
Capitalistic pursuits were not a consequence of fate. Weber argued that modern societies are characterised increasingly by a process of rationalisation meaning that the world is increasingly governed by rationality in which tradition and affective forms of action are replaced by predominantly rational forms.
According to Marx however, modern societies are characterised by capitalism and who owns the means of production.Karl Marx and Max Weber were economists.
Although Emile Durkheim and Max Weber are the founders of the modern theory of sociology, Karl Marx's views on society had a profound impact on the evolution of modern sociology. There are many differences in Marx's and Weber's interpretation of capitalism and their perception of society in general.
Karl Marx () was a German philosopher who believed that material goods are at the root of the social world. According to Marx, social life is fundamentally about conflict over food, land, money, and other material goods.
Jan 01, · How did Max Weber contribute to sociology compared to Karl Marx? Update Cancel. Answer Wiki. 3 Answers.
What were the ideological differences between Max Weber and Karl Marx? How did Max Weber contribute to the evolution of sociology? Ask New Question.
The Idealtype must be compared to reality and survive said comparison. Also, Max. In contrast, Weber focuses on the political and generalises it to the economic. He emphasised that economics alone could not explain the class system.
(Max Weber, An intellectual portrait page 86). Marx and Weber’s views. Compare and contrast Marx and Weber's theories of social change Karl Marx ( - ) and Max Weber ( - ) have often been regarded as the founding fathers of interpretive sociology, or of the social action approach within sociology.
Compare and contrast the main features of Marx's and Weber's theories of bureaucracy Introduction In comparing and contrasting theorists and their points of view, Marx and Weber are two classical sociologists who have distinct opinions on a myriad of issues.Download